Sal Bednarz reflects on his decision to close Actual Cafe and the plight of Oakland Small Businesses

6 mins read

Actual Cafe & Victory Burger owner Sal Bednarz made the final decision to close his neighborhood establishments back in December sending a ripple of sadness across the North Oakland and Emeryville communities. Sal may have given up on trying to make his business work, but he hasn’t given up on Oakland. Sal has since turned his advocacy efforts and knowledge to helping other small businesses through his involvement with the Oakland Small Business Task Force.

The plight of Sal and Actual are not unique, and restaurants in particular are undergoing a very tumultuous time. “The core issue is an untenable cost of living” notes KQED Bay Area Bites writer Shelby Pope in this article Here’s Why 2016 Was Rough For Bay Area Restaurants. “It’s simply too expensive for someone to survive in the Bay Area on a sous chef, dishwasher or server salary–an issue that contributed to Oakland’s Actual Cafe and Victory Burger recent closures.” It appears our ongoing Bay Area housing crisis has put a squeeze on not only workers, but businesses and the consumer.

Oakland’s D4 Councilmember Annie Campbell Washington took a leadership role to preserve Small Businesses in her city and helped create the Oakland Small Business Task Force that Sal sits on (something Emeryville Council has flirted with for over a year but never followed through on). “I believe small businesses and artists are what make Oakland Oakland in many ways” she notes in this Facebook public post. This Committee has put together their preliminary summary and recommendations in the above presentation and will reconvene later this month.

We caught up with Sal to dive deeper into the challenges that small businesses are faced with and hopefully provoke our own Emeryville policymakers to take action to preserve our remaining neighborhood establishments  … before it’s too late.

The E’ville Eye interview with Sal Bednarz:

Oakland’s D1 Councilmember Dan Kalb was present for Actual’s Final day (Photo: Michael Hamilton).

EE: Your decision to close seemed abrupt to most. When did you realize that your businesses might not be sustainable longterm? Was there a “tipping point”?

SAL: I had considered closing a couple times before, but up until the final decision I felt like I had more possible solutions to the basic problem of the business not making money. I spent most of 2016 exploring different ownership structures, time sharing, partnerships, and considered outright sale of the business. At the end, the business’s cash reserves had been depleted, and the things we were trying were not showing enough promise to trust that we could achieve a necessary turnaround. The process of making the final decision happened during just a couple days prior to the announcement.

TL;DR: too many things went wrong, and too few went right.

EE: You alluded that you made some personal “missteps” that contributed to the demise of your businesses. Can you elaborate?

SAL: Like any business, it would have been great to know then what I know now. No need or desire to elaborate further. Maybe I’ll write a book about it someday.

EE: Many of the negative reviews I’ve read about your businesses are based on price (some on service which may validate your difficulty in hiring experienced, workers in positions of responsibility). Do you think most patrons understand the correlation between serving quality, organic, local ingredients, paying fair wages and the resulting menu prices?

SAL: Nope. And it doesn’t actually matter when those customers literally can’t afford to pay what it costs to produce that product. It’s the job of the business to balance the quality of the product with the cost to produce. We couldn’t have made the items we served cheaper, but we could have done a different menu which produced a less expensive product. Again, hindsight is different from foresight.

EE: When Measure FF rolled out, Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf held a press conference with you and Chris Hillyard of Farley’s Cafe where she made a plea to the community to support local businesses. Did she or the City of Oakland follow up with any incentives or programs to help small businesses? Is there anything that our local governments could do better to mitigate the impacts of these mandates on small businesses like yours?

SAL: Minimal concrete action by City of Oakland so far. Annie Campbell-Washington did sponsor the creation of a Small Business Task Force at Oakland Council, and the Task force (of which I’m a member) has been meeting since early November, and delivered a report to the Mayor at the end of last month.

I hope that City Council follows the recommendation of the Task Force, and embodies a permanent Small Business Commission – this will create a platform which will help City government and others working on behalf of small business in Oakland to create strategy, maintain focus on important initiatives, etc. The Task Force will also recommend some organizational changes within City government, a new focus on collecting/consolidating/analyzing data about small business, and a PR campaign benefiting small Oakland business.

Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf, flanked by Bednarz and Farley’s Chris Hillyard, spoke on behalf of Oakland’s Measure FF in 2015. A year later, Bednarz closed and Hillyard sold his Emeryville location (Photo: Shelby Pope).

EE: Oakland Restaurateur Chris Pastena noted recently on hoodline.com that he would not open any new restaurants in Oakland “until the city gets a better understanding of how to work with small businesses.” noting “If you don’t put the focus on small businesses, then we’re going to end up with big box stores”. Do you agree with him that we’re heading toward a climate where chains thrive and small businesses struggle if we stay this course?

SAL: Yes – I’ve said so publicly. I’ve also repeatedly said that we’re building too many restaurants in Oakland, and that restaurant/bar development is rapidly outpacing customer growth (including residential, office, and tourism).

EE: You were supportive of Oakland’s Measure FF but withheld support of Emeryville’s MWO mostly because of the pace. Give us a snapshot of how an independent restaurant needs to adjust every time the minimum wage goes up $1 in terms of total payroll, raising your menu prices, or the additional business needed to offset these increases (We’ve read that every $1 increase in labor reduces restaurant margins by as much as 10%)

SAL: Minimum wage is not the only factor at play. Wild increases in residential rent, low employment, and rapidly growing competitive forces are all important. The combination of all these forces is difficult for any retail business to navigate, and the speed at which these things have changed (and continue to) means that many businesses (like mine) don’t have enough time or resources to adjust.

EE: Academic Studies, Labor organizations and even some fast food businesses have advocated that raising the minimum wage to $15 has a nominal impact on menu prices and actually boosts business because it creates more customers with disposable income. Do you think this paradigm applies to small businesses like yours?

SAL: Not immediately (see my answer above). These macroeconomic forecasts take time to unfold, and assume normal conditions in other areas. Also, just because the average menu price doesn’t increase much doesn’t mean that all businesses can afford increasing costs.

EE: What advice do you have for other small businesses in the region that are experiencing similar challenges and trying to hang in there?

SAL: You are not alone. Every small business owner I speak to is suffering from these forces. Some will be able to make it through, some won’t. It’s only you who can decide on which side you fall.

It is not a personal failure to walk away from a business which, in the end, won’t make it – don’t let your business destroy your personal finances.

If you are going to stick it out, you’ll need to stand up to certain customers who make a lot more money than you do as a small business owner, and who will complain because these conditions will force you to raise prices, and possibly simultaneously reduce your product or service offering. This won’t be an easy transition, and the criticism will be demoralizing. Make sure you have a hobby that makes you happy. Also, maybe have a spouse that can support you while your business is losing money, or investors willing to write you checks to keep you afloat. Just in case.

EE: We know your first order of business is to sell Actual Cafe & Victory Burger. Have you had any inquiries and what type of business do you think might thrive in this location?

SAL: I’m in contract with a great buyer. Fingers crossed that the process will unfold smoothly.

EE: What’s next for Sal? Will you stay in the restaurant business?

SAL: No restaurants for me in the near future. As I said, I’m a member of the Oakland Small Business Task Force, and I’m hopeful that I can find a way to work on behalf of small businesses across Oakland and collect a paycheck doing so.

Sal changes the locks at Actual on their final day of business (Photo: Michael Hamilton).

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Rob Arias

is a third generation Californian and East Bay native who lived in Emeryville from 2003 to 2021. Rob founded The E'ville Eye in 2011 after being robbed at gunpoint and lamenting the lack of local news coverage. Rob's "day job" is as a creative professional.


  1. Small business owners would be wise to avoid this area, particularly Emeryville. The economics won’t support you, they are getting worse every year, and the city is actively anti-business. When experienced business owners are leaving as quickly as they can, don’t make the worst financial mistake of your life by trying to start a business here.

  2. I met Sal at the penultimate Small Business Task Force meeting (there’s another one coming up later on to report back on the economic analysis that the City will have to complete before deciding whether to have a full-on Small Business Commission or not). I liked him and thought that Annie’s effort will actually achieve a result, but that the emphasis on Small Business is slightly off the mark because the real problem is Economic Development, a realm in which most policymakers appear mostly at a loss.

    Assuming that Libby’s remarks regarding the scarcity of funding for a Small Business Commission foredoom such a new animal from ever occurring in Oakland, maybe we could have instead an Economic Development Commission with two, three or even four seats reserved exclusively for Small Business, just as the Planning Commission advises the Office of Planning & Building and has seats reserved for architects, planners, labor, etc., folks with real expertise in the field.

    That way, some of the Boards and Commissions that cost too much now or, for whatever reasons, don’t have their seats currently occupied, can be folded into the new ED Commission and save the City some dough (not to mention staff time) and get down to the business (both big and small!) of making sense out of the warp and woof that Oakland’s (in some cases quite bizarre) policymaking has created – or, in the case of the homelessness and envirocrime issues, neglected!

  3. It’s unfortunate that this (yet another) small business has shuttered its doors. I went to the Actual Café, twice happily, and then a third time – taking a friend to share the experience – but was dismayed at their policy of no computers on weekends. I never went again. This isn’t a policy that caused their demise, I’m sure, given the myriad factors mentioned by the owner, but it certainly dissuaded me from supporting the establishment. Best wishes for Sal and other owners who venture into this area.

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