Pacific Coast League Baseball in Emeryville: The History of the Oakland Oaks Ballpark

5 mins read

As the 2016 baseball season kicks into full swing, it’s a great time to remind residents of Emeryville’s rich baseball history. East Bay baseball has its heart and soul in Emeryville as the home of the Oakland Oaks from 1913-1955. It was Emeryville that hosted games with such Baseball legends as the DiMaggio Brothers, Ernie Lombardi, Lefty O’Doul, Casey Stengel, Billy Martin and many others. It also hosted many barnstorming games that gave wider exposure to Negro League Hall of Famers such as Jackie Robinson, Josh Gibson and Satchel Paige. Even though the stadium is long demolished and the grounds lie underneath where the Pixar parking lot is, the ghosts of baseball’s past are still in the air in Emeryville.

CA Governor Earl Warren (who dubbed us “The Rotten City”) throwing out the first pitch.

The history of baseball in California goes all the way back to the founding of its cities. Besides community games, the first attempt at league baseball in California was in 1887. For the next 30 years the East Bay had many teams and leagues that rotated through. None of the Oakland teams at this time had an official home field. Many of the home games for the Oakland teams would be played at other teams facility in San Francisco. One Oakland team took it in stride and named the team the “Oakland Commuters.” Even though baseball was very popular in Oakland in those early years, it was not until the 1912 construction of the Ball Park in Emeryville that the East Bay Baseball had a home field that could facilitate pride for fans.

Starting in the 1890’s, Oakland occasionally played home games in Emeryville at the Emeryville Grounds. It was in the shadows of an iron plant that tended to spew black smoke all over the crowd and field. It was also too close to the bay. There was no shield for the heavy fog and strong evening winds. It was less than ideal for a baseball park.

In 1899, The Oakland teams played at another field near Emeryville in Oakland’s Gaskill Neighborhood known as Freeman’s Park. The weather was superior to the Emeryville Grounds and the ballpark could hold up to 7,000 fans. Freeman’s ballpark was accommodating for the 19th century version of the game but baseball was evolving and Oakland needed a more modern field that reflected the new professionalism of the sport.

Del Howard and manager Ivan Howard; Oaks Baseball Club, 1910

By 1903 The Pacific Coast League developed into one of the premier regional baseball leagues in the country and by 1912 The Oakland Oaks were its champion. Still without an official home stadium, The Oaks management decided to break ground on a larger facility for its champion team in Emeryville at Park Avenue and San Pablo. This property was the old homestead for the land developer Joseph Stickney Emery, whom the town was named after.

This spot was ideal. The stretch of San Pablo in Emeryville was a debaucherous center for entertainment. Sprawling down San Pablo there was theaters, gambling rooms, bars, and now a baseball field. This area in Emeryville was next to the transportation hub for the East Bay’s Key System that serviced the ferries to San Francisco. At a cost of $80,000, the new park opened in time for the 1913 Baseball season. Even though it was in Emeryville, the stadium was given the name “The Oakland Oaks Baseball Park”. The weather conditions were considered excellent for Baseball and the slight bay breeze only affected left-handed hitters.

In 1916, The Oaks Ball Park made history with the first black player to break the racial line in Professional Baseball. Canadian born left handed pitcher Jimmy Claxton was a traveling barnstorm baseball player who got the opportunity to play for the Oakland Oaks. When questioned about his ethnicity, he convinced The Oaks that he was not black but Native American. He played for the team for only a month until another player betrayed him and revealed his mixed-race ancestry. Shamefully he was fired, but his story was cemented in history. As luck would have it, the day he joined the team was the day pictures were taken for a Baseball card set. Claxton was included in the Oakland Oaks Card set for the Zee-Nut Candy Company in 1916. Today the collectible Oakland Oaks card is one of the most sought after baseball cards on the market.

April 2, 1918 Video archive of Opening Day:
[youtube id=”YhJMDhUWTRY” width=”620″ height=”360″]

The Park Avenue District of Emeryville was a busy place during World War II. Many of the service men waiting for deployment were busy spending money in the card rooms, pool halls, burlesque theaters, and at the baseball stadium. It was a boom time for business. In the middle of a World War, The Oaks Stadium decided to spend $250,000 for a renovation to the Oaks Stadium. They added 3,000 seats, modern lights on the field, a modern façade, and moved the clubhouses under the grandstand from center field.

Oakland Oaks management used a searchlight to promote evening baseball in 1940

After the boom of World War II, the Oakland Oaks saw it’s greatest players and characters. With the help of the legendary coach Casey Stengel, The 1946 Oaks stared to build a solid team. Oakland Oaks had a legendary lineup which included Ernie Lombardi, Billy Martin, Cookie Lavagetto, Nick Etten and Catfish Metkovich.

The Key System’s Baseball Special ran down Park Avenue bringing fans to the Stadium until 1949.

As runner ups in the PCL Championships in 1946 and 1947, the Oaks finally won the PCL pennant in 1948. With his innovative coaching, Casey Stangel began to be acknowledged and recognized in the major leagues for what he was able to do with this scrappy team from Oakland. In 1949 he left the Oakland Oaks to coach the New York Yankees, which may have cemented the rivalry between Oakland and New York Baseball. Chuck Dressen replaced Stengel in 1949 and the Oakland Oaks went on to win the Pacific Coast League Championship in 1950 and 1954.

A documentary of the 1948 Casey Stengel managed “Nine Old Men” team that won the PCL:
[youtube id=”8Yu0dui6ctM” width=”620″ height=”360″]

After the wartime boom, attendance at the ballpark began to decline. Under the ownership of L.C. “Brick” Laws, The Oakland Oaks moved to Vancouver in 1955. Two years later the Oakland Oaks Park was demolished to make room for a Pepsi Cola Bottling plant.

1948 wire photo of George Kelly signing contract with Chuck Dressen and L.C. “Brick” Laws.

It wasn’t until 1968, when the Athletics came to Oakland and gave “The Town” a home field again. Emeryville and its stadium made history and saw legendary players slug it out for baseball glory. Just as it has always been, the landscape and vision of Emeryville are in constant flux. There is a modest plaque on Park Avenue that marks the spot where the entrance to the field use to be. The next time you walk by it, try to smell the Hot Links in the air or hear the faint roar of a crowd after the crack of a bat.

A plaque buried in the ivy of the Pixar fence commemorates the spot where the Oaks once played.

The ground that once saw the greats of the Pacific Coast League, started out as a tycoons homestead, then became a bottling plant, and now a world-renowned animation studio. Who knows what will be next for this plot of land. The air there carries great and complex histories. The intersection of Park and San Pablo Avenue will always carry this complex history and will always be baseball’s sacred ground.

Memorabilia like this Score Book with The Oaks mascot “Acorn” can be readily found on ebay

Photos courtesy of The National Pastime Museum, The Emeryville Historical Society, and Chris Treadway

Further Reading & Resources

When baseball great Jackie Robinson came to Oaks Ball Park | West County Times
Oakland Oaks Wikipedia Page

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Joey Enos

is an artist and historian who is a 5th generation East Bay Resident and resided in Emeryville for many years. His family has a long history in Emeryville and operated the Michel & Pelton Company off of Horton from 1929-1982. His great-grandmother was Earl Warren's secretary when Emeryville was coined "The Rotten City." Joey works as a Collections Manager for The National Pastime Museum. Follow Joey's curated collection of Mudflat Art pics on Instagram @emeryville_mudflats


  1. Great addition to the Eville Eye! The place is dripping with interesting history and it’s nice to have some insight as you walk around and see little bits and pieces of it that still remain. Keep em coming!!!!

  2. This is incredible! Thank you! Question – do you know who the woman is in the OAKS uniform showcased towards the end of the video? She’s throwing the ball over and over again — and maybe throwing the first pitch?

    • The woman in the video is a famous vaudeville dancer/performer named Doraldina. After her career in Vaudeville, she started her own cosmetic company.

    • Hi Lela, I always love listening to stories about the park with my grandmother who use to go to the games. She has some fantastic memories! thanks for sharing!

  3. Hello Joey; I was born in Oakland in 1933 and was an Oakland Oaks fan as long as they were in Emeryville. I have tried and tried to find Dean Buda on Bay Area radio archives without success. Can you fill me in on Dean? I listened to all the ball games he broadcast when I couldn’t make it to the ballpark. I was shocked to learn that Dean never left Oakland on the traveling broadcasts,
    he used teletype to get the info, then did a wonderful account of the ball games, even using artificial devices for the sound of the bat and canned crowd noise. He was the best until Bill King
    who in my mind was the best announcer ever, for basketball, baseball, and football. Best regards. Jerry Phillips

  4. Hello; I have through some research learned that the Oakland Oaks announcer I enjoyed so much was named Dean Maddox, he went by the radio name of Buda. Can anyone fill me in on where I can get information, or a bio on Dean Maddox? Thanks. Jerry Phillips

  5. Just ran across the Oaks/Emeryville items. I have a special place in my heart for both, I was bat boy for the Oaks from 1945-1951 and have lots of good memories. Well done article and I still tell many folks here in San Diego about the old Pacific Coast League, great stuff.
    Chuck Symonds

  6. This is a wonderful article. Spent many years at the old Oaks Ballpark. My dad Billy Raimondi played with the Oaks from 1932 until he was traded in 1949. Great memories for me!

  7. I have a 1949 Oakland oaks official score book showing Charles dressen on cover, a1949 san Francisco official score book with luke easters signature and a 19951 Oakland oaks official score book wirh larry doby and name I am not sure of. I to know where I would go to fine out if thet are valuable at all.

    • Just ran across this again and thought maybe there were some Oaks” fans out there that would like to communicate with me about the team. I was batboy for 7 years, (1945-51), now long time retired from the US navy.

  8. I still have the Louisville Slugger Jim Marshall baseball bat broken on the handle given to me by Oaks trainer Red Adams (1954/55). I was around nine yo, rode the AC Transit Bus on Saturdays from Richmond to Emeryville route along San Pablo Ave and purchased tickets/bus fares with coins from my dear father. Among best memories of my life.

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